Surviving a Nuclear Bomb and War
Some people believe that there has already been a mass-extinction level event that can be attributed to nuclear war, thousands and thousands (perhaps millions) of years ago on Earth. Some people even believe Mars could have been heavily populated and suffered a worse nuclear catastrophe, causing the planet to no longer be inhabitable. The truth is, we still do not know for sure, but the evidence is stacking up favorable to the fact that life may have existed on Mars already and there is a major cover up…and this could be because of the shocking truth about how life ended on Mars. Perhaps there was a war between planets. Regardless, it is clear that there are many regions on Earth from the past which indicate a nuclear war could have already occurred. Some of these regions are emitting intense radiation. Other places are the home of unbelievable craters; these craters being consistent with those caused by nuclear war and bomb impacts. Nuclear bombs are not the only cause of a mass-extinction or extinction-level event (human threatening), which cause this type of catastrophe; however, it is likely to currently be the greatest risk.
How to Survive World War 3
Lots of people have been asking…
“Is World War 3 Real?”
“Has World War 3 Already Begun?”
“What would happen if WW3 were to happen today?”
All valid questions, however, the truth is, generally the wars are named after they are over with. We have seemingly been at war for a while now (although the government refuses to call it war, and prefers to use phrases like ‘conflict’). WW3 could be happening already, the chaos and irrefutable warmongering occurring around the globe right now definitely constitutes world-war “style” mortality rates and hostility. In fact, some of the violence is terrifying in nature. Some people do not believe the war could touch American soil, however, wars have touched American soil in far less capable times. In the early 1600s, the English began skirmishing with tribes and France. This means in the 1600s a country on the other side of the world was able to send wooden ships with angry soldiers and guns across the ridiculously dangerous ocean, and wage war, bringing death and destruction to the North American continent. The wars continue all the way up to the American civil war, where America effectively attacks itself, like white blood cells attacking a bad virus in the body, America just ate itself. “Conflicts” continue on the North American continent, even in the United States, all the way to present years. The only question is when someone irresponsible with a great deal of power, like the type nuclear warheads offer, will press the wrong button and release destruction upon the world. The United States did it, dropping two nukes on Japan in WW2. The President felt that it was worth it to kill all of those Japanese civilians in order to “end the war”. The truth is: it doesn’t matter who did it or for what reason. If a nuclear war begins, catastrophe and death will ensue. Being prepared is necessary for surviving the initial nuclear war, as well as the nuclear and radiation aftermath.
What are the different types of Nukes
According to the Union of Concerned Scientists, the modern nuclear weapons of today are “two-stage” and thermonuclear. This means the bombs create their destructive, explosive energy from both nuclear fusion and nuclear fission. The first reaction is described as fission and “warms the explosion up” in order to lay the foundation of energy necessary for the second reaction: the fusion reaction. Modern nuclear weapons are currently found in the arsenal of Russia, the United Kingdom, the United States, France, and China (others may be violating the UN pact and keeping these weapons secret). A handful of other countries, including India, Israel, North Korea and Pakistan most likely possess at least one type of single stage nuclear weapons (the weaker form, fission only). These types of single stage nuclear bombs and weapons are similar to the A-bombs which were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki (1945). These fission weapons can generate 20 kilotons or more of TNT power. Although much less powerful than the modern developed thermonuclear weapons, the fission based atomic weapons are still very dangerous, destruction-capable and devastating when in the hands of the wrong entity. In other words: even the little guys are cause for concern. We saw what happened when terrorists were given control of a few airplanes, what happens if they get a hold of a nuclear weapon…even an only atomic, fission bomb? Catastrophe, that’s what.
The big, modern nuclear weapons, the thermonuclear weapons, can produce more than 10 megatons of TNT power (that’s 10,000 kilotons…or 500 times the power of the bombs the U.S. dropped on Japan in World War 2). That’s terrible news if the bomb is coming your way. The way these high tech nukes work is pretty amazing though! The explosion produced comes from three individual, divided blasts all happening simultaneously upon impact. The warhead’s first part of the explosion is the release of chemical explosives which fall into a hollowed sphere made of plutonium. This first explosion is directed inward, which causes the plutonium pit to greatly compress. The compression forces the atoms to cram into the tight space, much like compressing a super powerful spring, EXTREMELY tightly. The density is so great that the warhead can now withstand “supercritical” status, which creates a fission chain reaction initiated by a neutron generator. Generally this entire first part, both of the explosions coming from the chemical release and neutron generator, is called the primary.
The intense heat that the primary fission reaction creates lays the foundation for the secondary stage, which is the third explosion. The third part is all fusion, where multiple atomic nuclei fuse to create a super, very powerful nucleus full of energy. Generally the thermonuclear weapons of today use isotopes of hydrogen undergoing fusion and are known as hydrogen bombs (H-bombs). It should be noted, though there are three independent explosions in modern thermonuclear bombs and warheads, they occur so closely together, it appears they are literally happening at the same time.
The physical effects of a nuclear explosion can be utterly devastating, not only to the impact zone but also the surrounding environment. The explosion of a nuclear warhead creates an intense, mass energy which will span the full electromagnetic spectrum. The terrain of which suffers impact determines the energy produced from the blast, and surprisingly determines the radiation produced as well. The effect of dropping a nuclear bomb on a land target is much different than a water target. Dropping a nuclear warhead on water will limit the area of effect, however, produces very strong shockwaves compared to a land target. The water basically works to absorb some of the blast and reduce the production of radiation. Air bursts (or “air blasts”, sometimes called exo-atmospheric) the radiation produced is easily scalable. No matter the type of blast, the shockwaves that definitely due ensue of varying weight, works in form of extreme temperature. This high temperature is so extreme it causes all surrounding matter that it interacts with to heat up to the same temperature as the atomic weapon’s shockwave matter; further causing the interacted matter to vaporize and rapidly expand, producing intense kinetic energy that also contributes to the growth of the shockwave.
Thermal radiation is a huge problem arising from nuclear detonation and comes in form of the flash, which is literally a blast of visible, painful light. The flash can ruin the eyes (called flash blindness and causes retina burn, oftentimes irreparable) and cause intense burns on the body and surrounding impact zone. Accompanying the flash is an extreme high wind, a gust coming from the metatons of kinetic energy and matter all trying to expand as rapidly as possible. Technically, thermal radiation is roughly 40 percent of the energy a nuclear reaction creates. Many fires will start as a direct effect of the quickly spreading radiation. Any buildings built with combustible frames or materials will be instantly destroyed within the impact zone. Even non-combustible debris will suffer grave damage. A nuclear detonation also emits strong bursts of smog in form of the mushroom cloud, shot straight into the environment. The stratosphere is the first to suffer, but eventually, the ozone is dissociated and the resulting compounds from the blast continue to work their way around the surrounding environment.
Nuclear weapons also often emit electromagnetic pulses, which are very quick and normally only last roughly one millisecond. Despite the short lifespan of these pulses, the effects are powerful enough to interact with nearby metal objects, such as cables, generating dangerous high voltages. The secondary effect of the high voltage is the death of many electronic devices (sometimes called EMP effects). The EMP effects do not have any biological impacts (the body is not known to be affected by EMP pulses). Additionally, the blast from a nuclear warhead often causes a radar blackout (VHF and UHF frequencies will become blind). The heat is just so high that it ionizes the air, even affecting radio waves (especially low frequencies). A single one megaton H-bomb will cause radar black out of 2-3 minutes for an area of 125 square miles (200 kilometers). They make much bigger H-bombs than this.
Nuclear weapons are so powerful and cause such extreme pressure that they can sometimes also be responsible for causing minor earthquakes as a side effect. This is especially true when nuclear weapons are detonated underground or within a mountain. Depending upon the detonation variables, the energy can physically travel through the ground itself. It has been speculated that nuclear explosions could create fault ruptures and major earth quakes, both by accident (certainly as the bombs continue to get bigger and more powerful), but also on purpose. In fact, some argue that a nuclear weapon could be used to purposely cause an earthquake of a major magnitude in a remote distance of up to 20 miles away from the detonation.
The nuclear arms race is becoming out of control. North Korea and other countries are regularly testing nuclear weapons. The way countries throw around power so carelessly is truly terrifying and the only answer is to be prepared. You cannot let your fate reside in the control of all these countries and their mad, sometimes irrational leaders. Nuclear reactors are also to fear, although they are controlled fission processes, they have been known to explode…in fact, since 1952 there have been more than 100 accidents and explosions of catastrophic nature around the globe. Sometimes, civilians are absolutely at risk and therefore living next to a reactor should be cause for appropriate preparation.
Nuclear War Survivalist Preparation List
The full list of things you will want will end up forming AFTER the ensuing chaos has begun, as we never truly realize what we need until we actually need it; however, there are some things that can be collected now that are certain to be needed. This is a list of absolute essentials for any serious prepper, to ensure safety in such an event as a nuclear catastrophe. This list is the minimal requirements suggested (in no particular order):
Water – Having a clean supply of water is essential, please see our build and survive in your own underground shelter guide for help planning your water supply.
Food – It is important to have enough food to last a preplanned duration for a predetermined number of occupants.
Anti-radiation medicine – Members of your party may have been exposed to radiation if the impact has occurred before reaching the shelter. Anti-radiation meds are imperatives for immediate aid and also as preventative measures.
First Aid – A healthy first aid kit (or two, or three) should be stocked in every bomb shelter. An adequate first aid kit will include bandages, gauze, medical pads and medical tape; as well as containing rubbing alcohol, antiseptics, eye wash, a razor blade, a thermometer, tongue depressors, medical scissors, tweezers and lubricant. Medical gloves and face masks are wise to stock too.
Other Medicine – A variety of medicine should be collected to aid a diverse number of conditions. Some examples of excellent choices include Advil for minor headaches, aspirin to be used as a blood thinner, antibiotics to prevent and fight infection, and cough suppressants to help treat any easily spread viruses (ease the throat and reduce coughing for sick occupants). Other common must-haves in the medicine cabinet include ibuprofen, digestive laxatives, ear infection treatments, Vicks vapor rub, topical analgesics, and anti-inflammatories.
Vitamins – Living underground is tough, even for a short period and proper nutrition is required in order to keep the occupants healthy. The body needs, most importantly to survive: Vitamin A, B, C, D, E, and K. A good multi-vitamin can help handle the body’s daily vitamin and mineral requirement.
Cleaning supplies – Stock cleaning supplies which are tight-space safe (Clorox Anywhere or Pledge Multi-surface sprays for example) and highly sterilizing solutions (i.e. bleach). Never clean in a tight space without a respirator. You will also want to have soap, towels, and brushes.
Personal hygiene – Keeping up with occupant-personal-hygiene will ensure that the fallout shelter remains as livable as possible, as well as keeping the place more sanitary.
Respirators – Stock both: chemical and biological respirators. Respirators are important in the event of a breach in shelter, failure of air filtration, or in the event an evacuation is required.
Knives – Having at least a couple of good knives will make day-to-day life much more manageable. Preferably these knives should be of varying types and sizes.
Hand & Other Tools – It is a good idea to collect a few reliable hand tools (mechanical, non-electrical), as a good shelter will be fit to repair damages in an emergency. Duct tape, electrical tape, safety glasses, gloves (leather), magnets and zip ties are all good items to have around.
Tarps and Patchwork – Being able to repair a shelter is essential for a dynamic survival plan. Your shelter may be strong, but there is always a weak point. Be prepared to repair any damages in an emergency. Depending upon the material and type of damage, the patchwork required may vary.
Emergency Blankets – Warmth can be important sometimes even when unexpected (it could even be a medical condition which causes someone to be extremely cold and require the heat).
Spare Bulbs, Lanterns & Matches – Depending upon the shelter’s chosen power source (if any), lighting, and/or cooking choices, it is important to stock enough fuel, fire starter, light bulbs, matches, and any other maintenance items.
5 Gallon Buckets – These stack upon each other to save room and can still hold supplies when unused; however, they also make for excellent toilets when the facility is not equipped with a composting toilet or other sewage-handling system. Otherwise, these buckets can be used in engineering a number of devices, including water filtration systems.
Plastic Trash Bags – Trash bags are easy to seal and can contain a number of solutions or materials without cause for concern. Additionally, thicker trash bags are puncture resistant as well.
Flashlights – Whether the shelter is wired for lighting or not, flashlights or battery operated LED light fixtures are an excellent addition to any fallout location. Flashlights are mobile, lightweight, and can help with emergency situations, repairs or simply seeing into tight crevices. Light sticks (sometimes called glow sticks) are excellent emergency lighting.
A.M. & C.B. Radio, and Police Scanner – A good A.M. radio will be able to pick up any emergency broadcasts and a C.B. radio will help pick up other transmissions too. It is also advantageous to install a good police scanner in order to keep up with the emergency follow up and any official communication.
Batteries – Having a ton of batteries is always wise, all types, AA, AAA, C, D, watch batteries, and even auto and marine batteries or larger batteries. With the appropriate electronics books, and wiring kits (or salvaging electronics), much innovation can occur.
Clothing – At least one change of clothing is desirable. As long as the shelter has been setup to survive a long duration and has adequate water supply, the alternative set of clothing can be washed.
Bedding – Having the appropriate places to sleep predetermined is essential for the comfortable occupancy of any fallout shelter. Each occupant needs their own square footage for sleep, primarily for health reasons.
Self-Defense – Some form of shelter protection is mandatory for ultimate survival. You must be able to protect your shelter, yourself and your family or other occupants. Firearms are preferred when possible, however, discharging firearms in tight spaces is often undesirable for a number of reasons. Since the danger will likely come from the outside of the shelter, it is also possible to consider a number of other self-defense mechanisms, from pikes, to pre-constructed exterior defense systems which can be operated from the inside of the shelter (including video cameras and motion sensors).
People require adequate, clean water along with breathable air…so these are the number one essentials. For food, MREs are a very good option, but consider growing your own food (yes even underground, and some suggestions for sustenance have been explained in our how to build your own fallout shelter and survive underground for years guide). Anti-radiation medicine typically consists of potassium iodide tablets (sometimes potassium iodate is used) to be taken as soon as possible in the event of exposure. Some sources also suggest stocking straight iodine, which in an emergency where the tablets cannot be used can be applied topically by rubbing it on the body.
Even with all of the supplies on this list and more, preparing with supplies is not enough. Surviving a nuclear disaster takes planning, which will help a survivalist keep alive after the nuclear event as well. One good option is building an underground shelter, a bomb shelter, specifically capable of surviving a nuclear threat.
Surviving Underground in a Nuclear Apocalypse
Surviving underground is easier said than done. We’ve all heard someone talk about it before casually at some party as if it were as simple as a shovel and a board to cover the hole, however, any real survivalist knows it is more complicated than this (and maybe more importantly: more costly than just digging a hole). All of the essentials must be accounted for (clean air and water, food, medical supplies, a variety of tools/handy equipment, and any entertainment necessary to pass the time). The downside to a nuclear war, is depending upon the severity and impact zones, is the entire world can suffer and the bomb shelter will need to be prepared with the intention of lasting possibly years.
The best advice when building a nuclear fallout shelter is not to cut any corners. It may be expensive to do it right, but it’s the only way it will be able to protect the occupants and provide a safe haven for survival. Nuclear catastrophes mean a lot of threats, and some of the threats are hard to see outright, so taking every precaution to provide a stable aftermath within the shelter is important. Remember, mostly everything can be planned for ahead of time with this sort of thing!
All that matters is that you have a plan. No matter where you live, it is wise to have a nuclear fallout shelter; however if you live in a high-risk zone it is even more imperative. High risk zones include living near a military base, political area (such as the capital), important economy buildings and resources (world trade centers for example), nuclear power plants and reactors, or Yucca Mountain (or any of the other nuclear waste repositories – even the temporary locations where they store the nuclear and radioactive waste before it is transported for its long term storage in Yucca Mountain). Yucca Mountain is located in Nevada and this place is stuffed with radioactive waste that will eventually become a problem for a future generation (what a terrible plan). What is hilarious is that Yucca Mountain is frequently referred to as “a long term storage plan.”
World War I was real, World War II was real, and World War III is real, it’s not a matter of if, it’s a matter of when. History tells us that that typically the past repeats itself. With all of the wars and feuds of the past, sometimes over insignificant, trivial matters, it is obvious we must take preparation into our own hands. Don’t let the Nuke destroy your future, take control and build your own bomb shelter!
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