Dyson Sphere / Swarm from 3 Months Ago More Likely to be Alien
Remember that weird star that was discovered and in the news back towards the end of 2015? This star was estimated to be about 1500 light years away. An astronomer named Jason Wright from Penn State was the first to suggest a while ago that this could quite possibly be an artificial structure…though most other astronomers believed the chances of this being artificial were very low. This time, however, an astronomer from Louisiana State University, Bradley Schaefer, has stumbled upon new information which has resparked the artificial alien megastructure theory. This star, commonly referred to as KIC 8462852 has been observed using the Kepler space telescope to lose up to 20 percent of its brightness periodically and with no regular pattern. Simply put: the star fluctuates very heavily in brightness and luminosity over time (both increasing and deceasing in irregular patterns).
The reason this is so concerning is because the irregular pattern suggests an enormous object is blocking or absorbing the light somehow…something which cannot be a regular, fixed patterned object. This means it is not a planet or other large star which is intermittently blocking the light from our telescopic view, as a planet or star would create obvious patterns of dimmed and brightened light intensities. Instead, it is likely something that changes shape or intensity over time for seemingly moldable reasons. This object or construct must be blocking a varying level of light at random intervals.
The Dyson Swarm is Not Likely to be Comets
Aliens could exist in tougher survival zones by creating megastructures like the Dyson Swarm. The reason some scientists believe this star may be encompassed by a Dyson swarm is because of the lack of a pattern in the dimming light and luminosity intensity. Because comets are somewhat irregular, a lot of astronomers were quick to jump on the comet theory. To prove that KIC 8462852 (also called Tabby’s star) is not suffering from dimming luminosity from a giant family of comets, astronomer Schaefer searched the astronomy archives of Harvard to find records pertaining to this star dating as early as 1890 (New Scientist, 2016)! Schaefer would go on to analyze the data and find that the star has been measurably and gradually dimming for more than a century with no apparent obvious cause or reason.
It gets a little more certain in fact when Schaefer does the math to realize it would take almost 650 thousand comets a minimum of 200 kilometers in diameter (each), in order to cause the major loss of brightness. As put by Schaefer himself, this being a likely cause is “completely implausible” and this new information has been considered a complete “refutation of the idea, and indeed of all published ideas.” This essentially means that most natural explanations (including a large family of comets) can be ruled out as the cause for loss of luminosity (New Scientist, 2016).
Why it Could be an Alien Megastructure
Tabby’s star has been behaving very abnormally and there is absolutely a cause for this irregular loss of brightness. A Dyson Swarm is strong possibility because alien satellites spread throughout to orbit the star, would be plentiful in quantity in order to maximize the harvest of the sun’s energy. A civilization of an advanced type would be highly adept at harvesting energy, especially from a single sun, and would be capable of large harvests which absolutely could be detectable more than a thousand light years away on Earth with our telescopes. Another scientist, Doug Vakoch from the organization Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence International (SETI International) has been scanning for radio and other visible wavelengths in the direction of Tabby’s Star (SETI International, 2016). Thus far, Vakoch’s program has come up empty handed, however, this does not mean much, except that perhaps any extraterrestrials out there may not wish to communicate with Earth (or care about Earth).
Ultimately, it could be possible that a far advanced civilization could build a megastructure like a Dyson Sphere which would consume 20 percent of a star’s energy in just a century. This new information does not guarantee that this is an artificial construct, but it most certainly rules out a lot of natural theories and gives more credence to the alien megastructure theory.
New Scientist, (2016). Comets can’t explain weird ‘alien megastructure’ star after all. New Scientist. Retrieved from: http://newscientist.com
SETI International, (2016). The Primary objectives and purposes of SETI International Discoveries. SETI International Website. Retrieved from: http://setiinternational.org
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Bees pollinate. They pollinate all types of flowers and plants, but most importantly to us: crops. In fact, some sources suggest honey bees are responsible for increasing crop values in the U.S. by more than $15 billion (USDA, 2015). Even though the crop value is increasing, it is only able to go up because there is a high demand for food. There is simply not enough food, ultimately. This is a compounding problem. First, there is not enough food. Second, there are not enough honey bees for the food we are already producing, so they must work harder and end up dying faster. Third, as food production will continue to rise, a further strain will be placed on the honey bees that do still exist. No matter how much food we produce, it will unfortunately never be enough, as the population, globally, is scaling far too quickly. The math is unsustainable in fact. One thing is for sure: we will not be able to forever rely on honey bee pollination and the end of those times is coming quite quickly as well.
What is happening to all of the Honey Bees?
So, are the honey bees still disappearing? Yes. Indeed they are and the honey bee fatality rate has been higher than ever in recent years and seems to be worse in areas where pesticides are more heavily sprayed. In the 1940s, there were more than 5 million active honey bee colonies in the United States. In modern times, there are only about 2.5 million active honey bee colonies in the United States. This has been known as Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD). CCD does not mean that the colonies do not exist…but rather the colonies are lacking adult bees (and no adult bee dead bodies are found either). The colony still possesses a live queen and immature adolescent bees, as well as honey.
Many things have become adversaries to the honey bee throughout the last few decades. In fact, between the 60s and 80s, the use of pesticides doubled (Clive, 2004). Meanwhile the world population is increasing, food production is increasing and the demand for honey bee colonies to be responsible for more pollination than usual is increasing. The honey bees have to work harder and travel longer to keep up with our needs and simply won’t be able to keep up much longer. For example, the California crop of almonds (as in the nut) is exported to the entire world and worth over $4 billion; and it takes more than 60 percent of the entire remaining population of bees in the United States to pollinate this one crop. That is just ONE crop and should explain how serious the bee problem really is!
The 80s and 90s were especially a bad time for the bees. A major increase in pesticides caused new pathogens to form (deformed wing virus and nosema fungi). New parasites emerged, such as the Varroa mites. Small bee hive beetles thrived, causing major hive issues. Nutrition issues arose due to restriction in diet (bees were being forced to pollenate only one type of nectar, whereas a normal bee diet includes diverse pollination). And the response of the bee keepers was to increase the demand expected of the dying bees. No wonder they’re dying.
What Causes Colony Collapse Disorder?
CCD has been a huge mystery; however, recently (2013), researchers from the University of Maryland working with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), have discovered a list of chemical pesticides and fungicides infiltrating the hives by way of contaminated pollen.
Could it be that there is such a demand on farmers to produce more crops that pesticides are being used to increase the crop yields, which ultimately is killing the bees which pollinate it? Seems like a no brainer, honestly and has been a theory since the conception of pesticides. The University of Maryland and USDA study was taken a little further when pollen collected from pesticide-contaminated hives on the east coast was given to healthy bees. The healthy bees suffered a major immune system deficiency which made them vulnerable to a particular parasite (Nosema ceranae), capable of causing the sudden death of an entire colony (CCD). Though it has not been able to be directly linked to a particular pesticide or fungicide ingredient, it can be safe to say that dumping 21 different chemicals onto the plants which feed us sounds like a really bad idea.
How does this Affect You?
As the honey bees continue to decrease, the cost of honey bee pollination services will greatly increase. This increase is going to be passed onto you and me, the consumers. Food prices are going to go up. This could contribute to a global food crisis, and stress the economic viability of several foods and products. The viability of several foods, if not all of the food, is already compromised, as these chemicals have been proven to cause cancer (Toxics Action Center, 2015). That’s right: they release chemicals that intentionally kill things in the environment, including us, the consumers. One pesticide, Neonicotinoids (also called neonics) is very commonly used and thought to prevent the bee’s nerve endings from functioning; then the bee starves to death (PSU, 2012).
What Happens After the Bees Die?
As the bees die, crop costs will dramatically increase as most crops will die. One third of the global food supply is pollinated by bees. So by dramatically increased prices, we do mean only the rich and wealthy will be able to afford to eat. OR those with a self-sustaining garden free from the grid and rest of the world. The health of the environment and the health of the world requires the bees to thrive, not die.
The more bees that die, the worse things will get, and the last decade has been especially threatening to bees. Dead bee colonies have tripled in recent years. Between April 2014 and April 2015, America lost 40 percent of their bee colonies.
If any of this is confusing or you aren’t getting the message, I will help clarify for you: Holy BLEEP!
How to Prepare For When the Bees Die
The bees can teach us an important lesson. It goes to show how fast things can change from economic stability to emergency food crisis. If food becomes harder to attain, which some suggest could happen extremely quickly, having your own emergency survival garden is an invaluable resource. When properly constructed and protected, a garden of your own will have no pesticides, fungicides, pollutants or problems.
Surviving Food Crisis with Your Own Survival Garden Seed Bank
Here are two really great seed banks we recommend on amazon:
It is important to understand that not all plants can pollinate themselves, and many of them require bees. To properly prepare for the end of bees, your self-sustainable survival garden should be sure to stock self-pollinating seeds.
Here is a list of vegetable crops you should stock seeds for, which do not require bees to pollinate (crops which pollinate themselves will be marked with a 1; crops which require help from humans to pollinate will be marked with a 2):
Below ground-rooted vegetables (carrots, potatoes, and sweet potatoes)1
Asteroid impacts with Earth are far more common than people realize. In fact, some sources report more than 80,000 meteorites larger than 10 grams come falling to Earth each year. Although meteorites are generally small, the fact that so many of them still meet the Earth’s surface, helps solidify the threat of a killer asteroid impact as a real possibility. Asteroids are much larger than meteoroids (which become meteorites only after entering the Earth’s atmosphere). Most of a meteorite is vaporized before striking Earth’s surface, rending them generally non-threatening. However, asteroids are far scarier and much larger. In fact, asteroids are at minimum 6 meters (20 ft), measured at its widest point. In fact, this is the size of the smallest asteroid we currently are aware of and is known as 1991 BA. The largest asteroid recorded, called Ceres, is 590 miles wide (which is 950 km). Ceres was recently categorized as a dwarf planet.
Some asteroids maintain a steady orbit around the sun, a pathway free of crossing Earth, such as Ceres. These asteroids can exist peacefully in the solar system without causing any collision threats. While other asteroids, some very large in size, have trajectories which pose tremendous risks to Earth. These asteroid impacts would have a tremendous, ominous effect on the planet and has been depicted in several popular movies (Armageddon, Asteroid, Deep Impact, Post Impact, Without Warning, Meteor, When Worlds Collide, and more).
Asteroids generally have their place in the solar system, a place called the asteroid belt. The home of the asteroids is located between Mars and Jupiter. The asteroid belt is more than two times as far away from the Earth as the Earth is from the Sun. Even so, some asteroids possess a projected orbit so close to Earth they are referred to as near-Earth objects and although these are usually millions of miles away, some have absolutely struck Earth (and other planets) before, and absolutely do cause catastrophic damage and destruction.
What Would be the Effects of an Asteroid Impact?
Experts agree, impact effects are based upon size and collision site (the location the asteroid comes crashing to Earth). Smaller asteroids may cause huge tidal waves, tsunamis, and all types of destruction; however, it is the larger asteroids that are capable of causing extinction-level events. In fact, it is almost unanimously agreed that at least one dinosaur extinction event was caused by a large asteroid impact with Earth, roughly 65 million years ago. This crater location is in Yucatan, Mexico.
An asteroid impact would be no pretty sight. As the asteroid breaks through the Earth’s atmosphere, it will leave a gigantic hole behind it which the surrounding air will struggle to immediately refill. The air will be thrusting behind the asteroid, which will impact with either land or sea. A crater will be formed no matter where the impact resides, and will just be slightly larger on land. The impact will be tremendous regardless and it has been reported that a smaller asteroid of only 1 km in diameter at its widest point, would be able to cause an explosion reaching more than 9 on the Richter scale (used to measure the magnitude of an earthquake). A much larger, 10 km, asteroid would cause an initial explosion greater than 12 on the Richter scale. Should the impact zone be within the ocean, water will easily be pushed out of the way just like the air before it. This water is displaced so high that it’s return fall to Earth compounds with the asteroid impact zone, causing a series of steam explosions to follow. Generally the diameter of the crater will be 10-20 times the size (in km) of the diameter of the asteroid. So an asteroid which is 5 km in size at its widest point would form a crater with a diameter between 50 and 100 km. That is a huge, concerning impact zone considering asteroids are absolutely projected to impact Earth in the near future.
An asteroid impact of any respectable size (1 km or bigger in width at its widest point) can also be expected to cause a number of earthquakes. The initial shock may be as powerful as a 13 on the Richter scale of magnitude. Aftershocks will continue for some duration longer.
The Tsunami Following an Asteroid Impact
Experts and studies alike suggest that the impact zone is much more likely to be within a body of water, as more than seventy percent of the Earth’s surface is covered by water. Still, unfortunately the ocean would need to be far greater in size and volume in order to absorb the impact of the threatening asteroids Earth occasionally faces. The asteroid will create a large crater, even on the surface of the ocean. Much of the water pushed out of the way forms a gigantic tidal wave (also known as a tsunami). The height of the tsunami wave depends upon the distance from the impact zone by which it is measured, as well as the energy produced from the asteroid impact. The further away from the impact zone, the less threatening and smaller the wave. One commonly used formula for determining the tidal wave is:
(Energy from impact in megatons).495 X (Distance from impact zone in kilometers)-.717 X 10.9 = Height of tidal wave in meters
The formula does not do the terror of a tsunami justice. The height of a larger, 10 km, asteroid impact tsunami at its highest point can be 1.3 km (that’s almost a mile high wave); whereas 1 km asteroids can still produce tsunami waves as high as 42 m (a quarter of a mile high). Unfortunately, quarter mile high waves are not easily survivable. Even the smaller asteroids will produce waves so big they will still be 20 feet or higher 5000 miles away from the impact zone and global flooding. If the first, super powerful, tsunami wave is not enough to demolish everything around it for thousands of miles, the several fallouts of steam from the water that shot straight up after impact, will cause several follow up waves as they come crashing to the ground. The effects of moving so much water so unnaturally causes a reaction from nature to correct the imbalance. Nature’s answer is a subsequent, complicated chain of tsunamis in a number of close, related regions and even likely worldwide. People generally only think about the first wave because of its severe, threatening size, however, the replicating waves and flooding is equally adversarial to survival.
Weather and Temperature Effects from an Asteroid Impact
One of the biggest associations with an asteroid impact extinction-level event, is a rain of fire and soot. This theory is not far off, as there will be a global soot problem, as well as a floating, snow-like fiery material floating down from the sky all around the world. This fiery “rainfall” will cause fires all over. Any plant life that remains after the disaster would suffer the environmental impact the soot would cause. Any human beings or many species of the animal kingdom will suffer cancerous inhalation and ingestion (though depending upon the size of the asteroid, at some point, it becomes unsurvivable without intense preparation). The fiery rain may only last a short time, however, longer term rainfall effects will occur. An acidic rain will ensue for months, perhaps even years after an asteroid impact. This acid rain consists of nitrous and nitric acids and will thoroughly pollute the air and environment. Expected destruction includes all foliage (plant life). All water life in the upper portions of the ocean (as in closer to the surface) will perish from the acidic ocean water. The acid rain will be so strong it will even weather rock at an extremely fast pace. Additionally, the ozone layer will suffer and cause increased ultraviolet light from the sun to hit the Earth and disrupt the growth of plant life and small organisms.
It is also a popular belief that the soot thrown up from the asteroid impact will cover the atmosphere and block out the sunlight. This is true and would be so thick that it would be impossible to see anything even a foot in front of oneself. The intense blockage causes a severe temperature drop which is often referred to as an impact winter. This temperature reduction is a global phenomenon and completely stops photosynthesis. Even if plants survive the impact explosion, tsunami, tidal flooding, acid rain, and excess ultraviolet light exposure…the odds of the plant life surviving a winter without photosynthesis are zero to none. No plant life means more carbon dioxide. The massive cataclysm event will cause a toxic release of terrible killers such as Beryllium, Mercury, Thallium, granules of dust, dirt and metals, soot particles (carbon, oils, woods other chemicals and acids) in the air. This harmful concoction will float thoroughly throughout the Earth’s air and infiltrate every ecosystem and every body of water. Anything that survives will suffer serious respiratory complications (and eventually respiratory failure – rather quickly in fact), without the proper purification techniques to clean the air. Even the plankton will die.
If the impact zone is in a large enough body of water (like an ocean for example) the water vapor which is expelled into the air will remain in the atmosphere. The atmospheric water vapor combining with the increased carbon dioxide causes an intense global warm-up following the impact winter. This is due to a greenhouse gas effect, an intensified solar radiation which causes the Earth to heat more quickly for a number of years to follow and the heat may get quite unbearable.
Is an Asteroid Impact a Realistic Threat to Earth?
Some studies suggest that an Asteroid colliding with Earth and causing an extinction level potential event, will happen once out of every 50,000 years (though other studies claim it is much longer, even once every billion years).Truthfully, it is hard to determine how common an extinction-level asteroid impact is with the little data studies currently provide. It is simply wisest to be prepared, as technically Earth is due for another huge impact. In fact, lately the rumors have some pretty substantial data which theorize a cover up, NASA’s awareness and the existence of a threatening object on a crash course with Earth in 2032. Supposedly, this asteroid impact will be a force more than 50 times the strength of the most powerful nuclear bomb known to man. Not only is this asteroid real, but it could cause mass extinctions of a number of specifies (including human beings).
The first step was to be aware of potential threats. Astronomers all over the world were very interested in this in the 90s and received funding to analyze nearby objects in space and create a list, a full catalog of asteroids and other objects having orbits near, or potentially interacting with Earth. Interaction can be defined as a near-miss object (which we still care about since it can have an impact still on the Earth) or an object which is a suspected potential impact. This program was called Spaceguard and reportedly cost less to fund than an epic Hollywood blockbuster about asteroid impacts with Earth. This program was international and took roughly a decade to collect a full list of all nearby objects. Nearby Earth objects are frequently referred to as NEOs. NASA took this step one further in the late 90s, later choosing to work with JPL, to identify which objects greater than 1 km in diameter, are the greatest threats and closest nearby objects (potentially impactful). This program is called the Near-Earth Object Search program (NEOS). NEOS uses a number of high-powered, highly technically advanced telescopes which have extremely wide search fields and ranges. It is probable by now, that NASA has identified all major threats through this program.
There has been a potential threat identified in 2032, therefore, it is wise to be prepared. This is a potential extinction-level asteroid impact which may end humanity altogether.
How to Survive an Asteroid Colliding with Earth
Although there are government and international entities and programs which are watching for potential threats and impacts, the control that they have over preventing an impact is insufficient to provide Earth complete safety. There are programs in place to help intercept or otherwise deflect potentially threatening asteroids, however, the asteroids that are trajectory-controllable are very small and the larger asteroids, like the one potentially crashing into us in 2032, are not deflectable or destroyable and cannot be simply “nudged” out of the way. Additionally, this interception or nudge would need to take place many years before the potential impact, a technology that has simply not yet been mastered (our range is still much shorter than necessary, as well as likely the strength of the explosion not nearly being adequate). This means that survival has to be taken into the hands of the individual.
Historically speaking, we are over do for an end times-status asteroid. There is still a chance though, if you prepare the proper way. First, you must accept that the only way to survive this type of impact, is to build an underground shelter (click here to check out a basic guide on how to get started on this), and ensuring that the fallout shelter is setup to endure at least a decade of underground living. Additionally, this facility will need to be flood-proof, and still capable of siphoning air, even through the thick soot that will ensue for so long in the asteroid aftermath. Air still needs to be supplied during the tsunami and flooding stage. Another tough task considering the damage is likely to wipe out any above-ground fixtures, including any piping that has exited the top of the facility. If you are building your shelter to survive under water for weeks or months, then it needs to have its own way of creating oxygen. One of the best ways to accomplish this and sustain long-term underground living, is to dedicate an entire room sized 50 percent of the entire facility square footage, to growing a full garden. The more this room resembles a jungle the better the facility’s air supply. Keeping a garden underground even before an emergency has occurred is very wise, as it can often be very hard to get this sort of thing going in an emergency, quick enough to produce the oxygen necessary to survive. Creating an underground garden that is double the size of the garden itself, and building the space to double as a flood-proof, self-sustaining, underground fallout shelter, is the safest preparation plan to surviving an asteroid impact with Earth, and the aftermath that comes with it. Additionally, a way to expel spent air, methane and waste will be more difficult and require more creativity.
There are many other threats to survive beyond the natural woes of an asteroid’s impact with Earth. The threats of surviving underground for long durations will be equally harsh. Proper nutrition, knowledge of bacteria and infection, mental stability, water filtration, air purification and supply, and the structural integrity of the shelter walls itself are all very important variables to maintain control over. Once the fallout plan has been activated and the asteroid has struck, the occupants are locked inside for more than a decade to ensure a safe reemergence into the environment. Any one problem while inside can lead to death, and the threats are diverse, including: water supply compromised, air purification failure, food supply issues, flooding or leaking, mold, and more.
Assuming that the impact was in the water rather than on land, not only does the shelter need to be outfitted to survive flooding and a lack of obtainable air to clean, and a more complicated way of expelling unwanted waste, but it also needs to be able to survive both: the initial impact winter’s cooling effects and the intense heat produced by the global warming thereafter. In other words: installing fans simply will not cut it and a thorough air conditioning system needs to be fully operable. Surviving the aftermath of an asteroid impact takes creativity, persistence, perseverance, knowledge and planning years, perhaps even decades in advance. Best to get started today.
Tags: what happens when an asteroid hits Earth, will an asteroid impact destroy Earth, will an asteroid collide with Earth, extinction level asteroid impacts with Earth, extinction level asteroid impact 2032, will an asteroid impact Earth in 2032
The Recent Strange Weather of 2015 and Upcoming in 2016
From violent tornados ripping through the Midwest, to snow on the beach, 2015 has proven to be one of the weirdest weather years of all. In fact, records warm temperatures have been set this winter. Even Christmas morning was warmer than any other morning in December. Not only was it warm, nearly everywhere in America, some places had seen 70 or 80 degree weather Christmas week. Even weirder are the temperature records were set earlier in the morning, rather than in the afternoon as the sun has hit its highest point. In fact, the record was broke 4 days in a row, and then again later on in the month near the final week of December. Given the warm temperatures, the season’s first snow for many areas has been severely delayed and has been appearing in the weirdest places (the beach for example). In fact, many areas have set a record for the longest first snow fall in winter. Additionally a lot of areas will suffer the least days of freezing temperatures recorded, also setting a record in New York City, for example. In the end, more than 6 thousand temperature records were set this winter.
A “Super El Niño” was previously in the fall of 2015 predicted for the approaching winter. El Niños spreads a huge wave of heat, bringing warmth and humidity easterly. When the temperature on the surface of the Pacific Ocean raises at least half a degree above its usual temperature a special mix of temperatures and climatic changes can push the warm air eastward. Some forecasted a very hot winter in Canada, where El Niños typically are most influential; however, ultimately this El Niño has affected the United States greatly. This year, the temperature on the surface of the Pacific ocean rose 2-3 degrees more than it’s norm (this is very abnormal). This El Niño was so strong, temperatures in the United States felt like summer! Some have even called it “tropical”. Winter weather always comes afterwards still, snow will come to most areas and cold temperatures will be achieved. Sometimes, as with past El Niños, it can bring fiercely cold temperatures as well, even piercing, frigid rains; therefore it is best to be prepared for anything!
Before the winter months of late 2015, the weird weather had already begun back in the early months of 2015. For example, in March, there were zero tornado or thunderstorm watches. There was not even a SINGLE severe storm watch in March 2015 anywhere in the United States (that’s really weird). Whereas in March of 2014, there were 20 and in March of 2013, there were 18. Maybe, with all the weird weather lately, something is going on… End Times?
More Weird Weather in the United States
The weird mix of weather causes for a number of supercell thunderstorms which have wreaked havoc across eastern Texas region. These wild and ripping storms have spawned several tornadoes in the area throughout 2015, taking the lives of many people. These tornadic supercells are violent to say the least and were able to spawn in the winter time in texas due to the abnormally high temperatures. This ambitious, cyclonic weather reached far beyond Texas; tornadoes formed all along the stretch between a southern Mississippi and a northern Michigan.
In summer of 2015, Canada had a terrible wildfire which produced a great deal of smoke…smoke that has never before worked its way all the way to Washington D.C.! Indeed, smoke from over 1,600 miles away floated all the way to the capital of the United States, which is an especially deep infiltration and extremely strange.
The winter of 2014-2015 dropped approximately double their average snowfall upon the North Eastern United States (90+ inches). This weather proved to stun many businesses, and kept so many people snowed into their homes for, in some cases weeks on end. This unexpected snowfall made staying at home a survival situation. Those who did not properly prepare risk: starvation, hypothermia and other cold stresses. Hypothermia comes from extreme exposure to cold temperature and essentially defines a condition in which the body has been losing more heat than retaining for a prolonged period. Snow storms are especially dangerous as they may cause clothes to wet, which induces hypothermia more quickly. When the body’s skin temperature is so low internal body temperature drops, the body is officially unable to warm itself and it is referred to as cold stress. Hypothermia is a potential result of cold stress. Other potential risks include cold-related illnesses, trench foot, frostbite and other injuries. February in fact was the coldest winter month in several places in New York since 1903 and similar average low records were set around the United States. Although the winter at the end of 2015 has been very warm, the winter was COLD in early 2015. In late winter 2014 a critical snow storm struck Buffalo, New York killing 13 people and stranding dozens more. Roofs collapsed from the weight, and homes, vehicles and property were destroyed. Buffalo received nearly a year’s snowfall in roughly 3 days, nearly 90 inches in some places. Blizzards are dangerous and deadly. Being prepared for the cold temperatures and emergencies is imperative as all regions can receive incredibly abnormal, life-threatening weather.
Meanwhile in other parts of the world, Antarctica sets record breaking highs. Literally the continent was seeing 60 degree weather in more than one region. Not only did the temperatures exceed the records for the regions, but also for the entire continent.
Four cyclones (hurricanes/typhoons, etc) formed in the eastern hemisphere on March 12th 2015, all at the same time. This has only happened a total of 3 times; once in 1893, once more in 1998, and now again in 2015. This is rare. Is it starting to happen more often? It gets worse. In July 12th of 2015, 6 cyclones formed at the same time. This has never before happened, the only close occurrence in the history of weather was in 1972, where 5 formed at once. Why are all these records getting broken now? These storms were no joke and caused some serious damage in some cases. They are dangerous and can kill. Preparation and planning is important, as well as remaining informed. The weather seems to be getting worse and more threatening.
In 2015, on Mother’s day Tropical Strom Ana broke a record of its own: earliest tropical storm to touch Atlantic coast land. This storm led to immense flooding on the east coast, especially in North Carolina. More land records, cyclonic in nature, include a May 31sthaboob with a noticeable spin to it. A haboob is a dust storm, common in desert regions…however, they usually move in one direction…this haboob appeared to be combined with a tornado.
In 2014 the north western United States received unusual rainfall. This rain was grayish in color and thicker than normal water. Most people reported it looking like dirty milk. Some people speculated this was volcanic ash from an eruption in the distance, as the ash does travel (see What Happens When The Yellowstone Supervolcano Erupts for more information). Other theories pointed to the Canadian wildfires. Washington State University suggested after performing a study that the pollution was coming from a dust storm picked up speed rushing through a nearby local lake, Summer Lake, which had been semi-dry. Supposedly, the contamination was dirt from this lake. Regardless, contaminated water is a problem and it is important to know how to purify and filter your own water.
While some regions of the world are receiving lots of rainfall, and sometimes contaminated rainfall, other regions are suffering severe drought. In Texas, reservoirs reached extreme lows during spring 2015. It was considered a “stage 5 drought catastrophe”. Oklahoma suffered similar fate. Both states were bailed out in mid-June 2015 when massive rainfall combined with a tropical storm caused a series of flash flooding all throughout the area. This turned the drought into flood.
On December 27th 2015 a severe snowfall in New Mexico and freezing rainfall in Oklahoma was accompanied by wind gusting more than 70 mph. There was no visibility (similar to the November 2014 Buffalo NY blizzard). By many reports, this included not being able to see your hand held out in front of your face. Over a foot of snow collected in New Mexico. Tens of thousands of Oklahomans lost power. Even Texas suffered nearly 10 inches of snow, closing in on previous records for winter snowfall also caused by previous (yet recent) El Niños. This same weekend brought about severe flooding to both: Illinois and Missouri, racking a death toll by itself of 13 after 10 inches of dangerous, heavy rainfall. One of the deaths came from a car being swept away right off the road and then sinking in a swollen nearby creek, claiming the occupant as a fatality. Arkansas also suffered freezing rainfall which led to flooding. This situation is not over and will continue to cause disastrous effects to agriculture (crops etc), commute (to work and travel) and economics (prices of goods and food). It may cost over 2 billion dollars to respond to (flood gates must be opened, among other things), including the costs of repair and reconstruction.
All of this crazy weather has been contributing to crop damage, economic depression, and a weather-related death toll. So many weather fatalities have occurred in the United States, 40 alone in the last week of the year even. This is the second most fatal December ever recorded (losing to December 1931).
A Brief History of the U.N. Climate Summit
The United Nations began the Climate Summit in 1995, first meeting in Berlin. These meetings were decided to be annual and focus on assessing the progress being made to prevent climate change. An additional goal was to determine the appropriate rules for emission of greenhouse gases in developed countries (the United States for example). This set of rules would be known as the Kyoto Protocol. The first few meetings were about exactly that, however, the responsibilities and “assessments” have appeared to grow fairly consistently every year.
The U.N. Paris Climate Change Conference 2015
Many of the attendees of the U.N. Paris Climate Summit in 2015 seem to recognize the truth: global warming is a major problem and could be causing a lot of issues (if not presently then in the future, though it would certainly explain the mischievous weather we have been experiencing lately). There are many notable persons, like Mr. Laurent Fabius, the Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development of France, who explains they understand if action is not taken soon it may be too late; additionally, they understand that the public expects an answer and regulation. However, many other notable people still seem to be blind to the real damage climate change is causing. These more laid back individuals believe that trying to better measure the damage and attain progress overtime is the best plan (palm to the forehead). The United Nations made the decision to adopt the Paris Agreement on December 12th, 2015, which is meant to reduce global warming. Specifically the agreement attempts to keep the increase of average temperature around the globe to below 2 degrees Celsius and recognizes that this would seriously reduce the impact of global warming. If global warming and emissions have gotten so bad that we have to form a committee with the sole purpose of keeping the global temperature from rising, things must be bad.
But it makes sense…
Viewing a chart for example of automobile sales from 1990 to 2015, one can clearly see a very steady rise in purchases. More cars sold in 2012-2015 (just 3 years) than the past 21 years before combined (1990-2011) times three! NO WONDER GLOBAL WARMING IS A PROBLEM! As if matters were not already bad enough, car companies seem care less about global warming (hence the recent Volkswagen-Audi emissions scandal of 2015). The U.N. knows that this is a problem, the leaders of the world can see the data and unfortunately the goals seem very unambitious…especially shameful considering ambition is what got us into this mess to begin with (the ambition to make more money). Waiting until 2020 to attain a solution is not acceptable and too much damage will be caused by then.
This means you must be prepared for the natural disasters which are increasing in modern times.
Being Prepared for Extreme Natural Disasters & Extreme Weather
Unfortunately, natural disasters are increasing at a steady pace. Many scientists seem to agree that this is partly caused from man-made contributions. Since the world seems to be driven on money, not consideration for others, we can expect there to be even more hurricanes, even more tornados, and even more tsunamis. There will be more droughts, more floods, more wildfires, and more snow storms. You must be prepared.
Here is a list of General Emergency Survival Equipment that is considered a MUST HAVE:
·Super vitamin (these are good for getting all of your nutrients in a tough situation)
·Water purification tablets (or a portable water purification system)
Many people fit most of this equipment in what they call a “bug out bag”, something they can grab in a hurry in the event of an emergency. I prefer to call it an emergency survivalist bag. Regardless of what you call it, having a bag that is light enough to run with, but thorough enough to save your life is critical in surviving some of history’s most brutal weather catastrophes. Not all of these suggested items need to be put in your emergency survival bag, however, depending upon the disaster, some items may be more desired than others and they can be interchanged.
Here are some of the best suggestions for remaining universally prepared:
With the appropriate preparation, you can survive anything. But it takes planning and effort in advance.
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